What is dog training and how does it differ from training?
Training is a dry training of a dog for certain teams, including the very complex team cycles required in various professional fields.
Whereas upbringing is a broader concept, the purpose of which is to instill in a dog acceptable behavior in society. And if training takes only 4-5 months, then raising a pet takes his whole life, because throughout his life the dog will always learn something new, face different conditions, get into different situations, and the owner’s task is to explain to the pet, how to behave.
The essence of upbringing is not to teach the dog to automatically execute commands, but to convey to her an understanding of what is good and what is bad, what can be done and what cannot.
The main educational tool is voice and intonation, the main stimulus is delicacy. Physical action on the dog is allowed only when it is really necessary. The punishment should be symbolic, and not hurt the pet. Otherwise, he will simply begin to be afraid of you and will certainly cease to respect you.
The upbringing process will not only teach the dog acceptable behavior in the house and on the street, but also help to shape the relationship between the pet, the owner and other family members. Remember that the dog will study the characters of your family members and strive to fit into a certain hierarchy, because for her the family is a flock. It is very important to show the dog in time that you are its owner and that it must always obey you. When the dog is still very young, it automatically perceives all family members as more experienced and older. But a young, healthy dog is likely to overestimate the picture and try to take a more confident place in the hierarchy. As a rule, the self-awareness of large dogs is based on their strength, and small ones on cunning.
Punishment, screaming and rudeness will never help to respect your pet. He will simply begin to fear and avoid you and will not perceive you as a wise leader.
A leader for a dog is someone who gives food, takes walks, takes care of her, rightly praises and punishes. You can show the dog who is the master of the house only by competent handling, consistent upbringing, joint active walks, and understanding. Do not underestimate the importance of emotional contact and sharing time with the owner and pet.
For the dog, its owner is the most important creature in the world, the only center of the world, and for the normal functioning of the nervous system, your pet just needs affection, praise and care. However, the dog always needs to be reprimanded for tricks. Do not spare the pet and do not close your eyes to his tricks, which you do not plan to put up with in the future. For example, if yesterday you scolded a dog for gnawed slippers, and today you allowed her to nibble a shoe – your pet will never understand that it is impossible to spoil the shoes. Be consistent in your upbringing.
When teaching your dog basic commands, do not use “Fu!” Alone to prevent all actions. For example, if a dog picked up food from the ground, “Fu!” Will work, but if the dog runs away from you, you need to command not “Fu!” But “Come to me!”, Otherwise your pet will not fully understand the meaning teams. Those. if the dog during a walk grabbed a bone lying on the ground and spat out it at the command “Fu!”, then if it is ordered “Fu!” in pursuit of a cat, she will not understand what she should do: her mouth is empty and spit out there is nothing.
Be sure to teach the dog the concept of “Do not!” If your pet spoils furniture, nibbles wires, jumps onto the bed, etc. – first, stop this action, and then strictly say “no!” Several times. The essence of education in this case should be reduced to understanding by the dog that it is not allowed to perform certain actions, even if the owner is not nearby.
An important point: any training of a dog begins with accustoming to a nickname. A nickname will always help you get your pet’s attention. At first, always begin your appeal to the dog with the nickname, it does not matter whether you praise her or reprimand her. For example: “Rex, come to me!”; “Rex, you are great, good!”; “Rex, bad, you can’t!” When the dog begins to recognize his name, he will always respond to it. Those. if you want to call a dog and tell her: “Come to me!” and she doesn’t respond, tell her: “Rex, come to me!” The dog will hear the nickname, and this will attract her attention. Very soon, with the right upbringing, the need to name the nickname all the time will disappear, and the dog will learn to accept dry commands.
As for the physical punishment for misconduct, to beat the dog is the last thing that will not bring the slightest benefit, and in the worst case injure your pet. In the wild, in wolf and dog packs, adult strong individuals treat babies, adolescents, and weaker members of the pack strictly, but carefully and with respect. Of course, strong members of the pack sometimes bite the weak, but this bite is just a warning, it will never cause severe pain.