How to distinguish a sick dog from a healthy
Unfortunately, if the dog is not feeling well, she cannot tell us about it. And the task of the responsible owners is proper care, taking care of their pet and carefully monitoring it, so that in case of possible ailments, symptoms are noticed on time and treatment is scheduled on time.
Of course, it is not difficult to detect bruises, fractures, cuts, burns and other external injuries in a dog – many injuries are visible to the naked eye, and if you have a long-haired dog, make it a rule to periodically examine her skin for possible damage.
If we are talking about internal diseases, then everything is much more complicated: often even an experienced veterinarian can not identify the problem in the early stages. Therefore, in case of symptoms of malaise, it is very important to take the dog for examination on time, if necessary, take tests to diagnose the disease, get appropriate recommendations and start treatment.
The initial signs of a dog’s malaise, as a rule, include:
giving up games
loss of appetite
violation of the chair, etc.
Such symptoms should alert you, they say that the pet is not feeling well and you need to look for the cause.
More obvious symptoms of the disease are an increase in temperature (the temperature of an adult dog is normal from 37.5 to 39 ° C, puppies are 5 ° C higher), nausea, diarrhea, rapid pulse (normal pulse for medium-sized dogs is 80-120, for large – 70-80 beats per minute.), frequent breathing, coughing, the appearance of discharge from the eyes, weakness, drowsiness, loss of appetite, desire to be alone, etc.
You can measure the temperature and calculate the pulse and respiratory rate of the dog yourself. To measure the temperature, a thermometer is inserted into the anus of the dog, pre-lubricated with petroleum jelly. The pulse can be counted by placing fingers on the femoral artery on the inside of the thigh or on the brachial artery, just above the elbow joint. The respiratory rate can be determined by the movements of the nostrils or chest of the dog during its breathing.
Monitor these indicators, because at the clinic reception, the veterinarian will check with you for the most complete picture of the disease. During the examination, the veterinarian will analyze the condition of the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth and nose, the condition of the ears, skin and coat, general muscles, and palpate to check if the lymph nodes of the dog and its organs are normal.
For complex procedures or in the case of a dog showing anxiety during the examination, it is fixed. Fixation allows a better inspection and secure a person.
To make a diagnosis, the doctor can use other research methods: these are standard laboratory tests for blood, urine and feces, as well as ultrasound, radiography, etc.
Unfortunately, in dogs, as in humans, various diseases are not uncommon, and the timely detection of a problem is the key to a successful fight against them. Suppose you always have a veterinary first aid kit at home, and your veterinarian’s phone number on your contact list.