Dog training is not just a fascinating process of interaction between the owner and the pet, but also a necessity, because the dog (especially the medium and large) must know and carry out the basic commands so that nothing threatens the comfort and safety of others. In addition, serious specialized training of dogs cannot be avoided in many specialized, professional structures, as well as in exhibition activities and sports.
First, let’s talk about the concept of “training”, what is it? Training is the training of a dog for teams that will be performed by it in any conditions with the appropriate sign of the owner. In the process of training, the execution of commands is fixed in the dog as a conditioned reflex, which allows the owner to control the dog’s behavior both during its stay at home and during walks.
Training is the key to the safety of others and the dog itself. A trained dog will not run after a ball or a cat and accidentally fall under a car, pick up food lying on the ground, run away from the owner and, of course, do not disturb a person passing by.
Competent and reliable training is a rather complicated process, since the purpose of training is not just to show the dog how to give a paw, but to teach her to unconditionally carry out commands and tasks of the owner, instill in her norms and rules of behavior, as well as develop and strengthen her skills. Therefore, even if you are already an experienced dog breeder, it is recommended to train a dog with the assistance of a professional.
As a rule, such a training process is built in 4 ways:
The specialist takes the dog for a while and trains it on its territory.
A specialist comes to you and trains the dog 2-3 times a week.
The specialist explains the theoretical and practical parts to you, and then you train the dog yourself under his supervision.
You and your dog practice in a special area dedicated to training under the supervision of an instructor.
The dog owner chooses the most convenient way for him to train, however, the third method is the most successful when the instructor first works with the dog owner, and then the dog owner trains his pet under the supervision of a professional. Why is this method more effective than the rest? The fact is that for successful training, the contact “owner-dog” is very important. Method number 3 implies that the owner already informed about all the intricacies of training himself works with his dog, and the dog perceives him as the undisputed leader. An alternative to such training – method number 4 – classes on a training ground. This method is also effective, however, unlike the third, it is of a group rather than an individual nature.
In the first method of training, it often happens this way: you are returned to a perfectly trained dog who knows and performs all the commands, but … she refuses to obey the owner! The fact is that in the process of training the dog begins to perceive the instructor as a leader, she gets used to his confident commands, to his gestures, to interact with him, and understanding with you has not yet been built, you just have to make contact.
The second method of training may not succeed, as the dog has to work with two or more people. A trainer trains the dog a few days a week, the rest of the time the owner is involved with it. Unfortunately, often what the trainer manages to put into the dog is safely destroyed by the owner’s inexperience, i.e. the effect of anti-training is created.
Usually the training process takes about 4 months. To some, this period may seem rather big, but what is 4 months when it comes to the basics of the correct behavior of a dog throughout its life?
You can often hear that the key to quality training is compliance with the rule of three “P” – constancy, gradualness, consistency.
Constancy implies regular training, which harmoniously alternates with games, walk and time for rest. The boundaries between these activities should not be too obvious, it is better if the dog perceives the training as a fascinating activity, a pleasant part of his day. Do not forget to alternate a more intense training regimen with a longer rest – and vice versa. Do not allow the dog to overwork and its attention to be scattered: the dog needs to be attentive and energetic in order to fulfill your command at any time. It is advisable to train at different times and, if possible, in different places, so that the training process does not become routine and does not lose its effectiveness.
Graduation means the order of training and the degree of load on the trained dog. During training, the dog must not be overloaded either on the physical or neuropsychic level. Remember, it is better to reduce the training program than to overwork the dog, since such training will not be effective. If you see that your dog is tired, has stopped concentrating on your actions and is reluctant to carry out commands, give her a break, play with her.