Dog Care Rules
A well-groomed dog is, first of all, a healthy dog, and the task of each owner is to organize the right diet for his pet, the correct daily routine, and also conduct regular examinations of the dog to assess its general condition. An interesting fact is that unusual, exotic breeds of dogs require more reverent care. “Classic” pets, as close as possible to their wild ancestors, practically do not need complicated additional care.
Examination of the dog allows you to identify any health problems, injuries, damage and the presence of parasites. Inspection should be carried out regularly, because the dog is on the street every day at least twice a day. During the walk, the pet can easily injure the foot, get scratched or receive other damage. Also in the season there is a great risk of catching a tick – and the more closely you monitor the condition of your pet, the lower the risk of serious ailments.
Leather and Wool
The skin is the largest organ of the animal’s body, therefore it is always necessary to pay due attention to the skin and coat. Keep an eye on the dog’s skin condition: if sores and eczema, dandruff, peeling, redness appear on it – most likely the dog has fleas or this is an allergic reaction to any irritant. In any case, to establish the cause, it is better to show the dog to the veterinarian.
In case the dog has fleas, they, of course, need to be deduced. Today it’s not difficult to do this. Pet stores offer various means for the removal of fleas, the most convenient of which are drops at the withers. Be careful when using antiparasitic agents. They can cause an allergic reaction in the dog in the form of redness and itching of the skin. If in the near future these symptoms do not disappear – visit your veterinarian. In the season, treat the dog’s hair with special anti-tick products.
In a healthy dog, the coat will always be beautiful and shiny, but if the coat is dull and falls out heavily, it means that somewhere in the pet’s body there is a problem. Dogs, even shorthair ones, need to be combed regularly; during moulting, combing should be given attention every day. This will give the dog a well-groomed appearance, will allow you to remove dead hairs, skin particles and light impurities, which without combing during washing will inevitably fall into the dog’s stomach.
If the breed of your dog provides for a haircut and trimming – do not neglect them. This is not just a matter of appearance, but also the key to the health of your pet’s coat. Some dogs need to remove the hair between their fingers, otherwise it will begin to gather in tundles and interfere with walking. Consult your breeder for details on hair care and follow his recommendations.
Ideally, the breeder from whom you purchased the dog is your best consultant, and you need to be guided by his recommendations. But the owner of the poodle should not follow the advice of the owner of the husky, as each breed has its own characteristics and caring for them is also different.
How often to bathe a dog?
Unlike cats, many dogs are very fond of swimming, which greatly facilitates this procedure. Dogs walk daily on the street, and, of course, they need to be bathed. However, it is better to do this infrequently: once every 2 months will be quite enough. Frequent bathing with shampoos dry the skin of the dog, provoke the appearance of dandruff, peeling, eczema, as they violate the natural lipid layer of the skin. For washing, it is recommended to use special dog shampoos that do not dry the skin, baby soap or baby shampoo. When bathing, thoroughly rinse off the dog’s coat.
After washing, dry the dog with a towel or hair dryer (if the pet does not have dry skin), immediately after bathing, do not let the dog go into the draft so that it does not catch a cold.
If the dog got dirty during the walk, it is best to remove the dirt locally with plain water, without the use of special tools. Dust can be removed from the pet’s coat with a damp sponge or rag, simply by wiping the coat.
After a walk, it is also better to wipe the paws with a dry cloth or, if they are very dirty, wash them with plain water. In winter, when the roads are sprinkled with salt, after walking it is better to wash the dog’s paws every time so that there are no problems with claws and pads. If your dog has sensitive, dry skin, lubricate the paw pads with a special wax before walking.
In the summer, you can and even need to let the dog swim in clean lakes and rivers. It is not necessary to wash the pet with special means. In winter, it is useful to brush the dog’s hair with snow – of course, the snow should be clean. Just rub the dog’s hair with it and then carefully brush it off – thanks to this procedure, your dog will be not only clean, but also hardened!
What if the dog likes to fall out in the mud?
If your pet always strives to fall in the mud during a walk, first of all, it is necessary to identify the cause of this unpleasant need.