Diabetes in dogs
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects both people and animals. The initial stage of this ailment often goes unnoticed, and the disease is diagnosed already in an acute form or randomly, for example, during the delivery of tests on a completely different issue. That’s why it is very important to know about the initial symptoms of the disease and regularly monitor the condition of the pet. How is diabetes manifested in dogs and what you need to know about this dangerous but common disease?
Diabetes is a complex disease that is divided into several types. First of all, diabetes and diabetes insipidus are distinguished. Diabetes mellitus in dogs is also divided into two types: insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent.
Diabetes in Dogs: Causes
Only a few cases of diabetes insipidus in dogs are known. This is a genetic disease that is very rare.
But if the causes of diabetes insipidus are genetic, then diabetes is an acquired disease, which is far from being only hereditary.
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in dogs can develop with the removal or destruction of the pancreas. As a result, insulin is not produced in the body and the body cannot synthesize glucose – the main source of energy necessary for the operation of all body systems. In this case, the treatment is based on the constant filling of insulin deficiency by injection, diet therapy and constant monitoring of sugar levels.
The second type of diabetes mellitus – non-insulin-dependent – is most common. As well as its causes – improper feeding and overweight. With this type of diabetes, the body has too much insulin. Against the background of obesity, the body begins to “deceive” itself, produces too much insulin and tries to process it.
And another cause of diabetes is cardiovascular disease, but this is not so common.
Diabetes in a Dog: Symptoms
The main symptoms of all types of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination and shortness of breath. Other signs are general weakness, dull hair, rashes, and skin ulcers.
At the slightest suspicion of diabetes, take the dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Without timely treatment, not only health but also the dog’s life is at risk.
Diabetes in a dog
Dog Diabetes: Treatment
Diabetes is treated very differently in dogs and humans. Therefore, owners who are trying to “help” the pet with a method tested by their own experience (or the experience of acquaintances) only complicate the problem. Sometimes to the most sad consequences.
In addition, the treatment for diabetes in two different dogs may also vary. The appointment of a veterinarian depends on the type of disease and on the individual characteristics of a particular dog: its breed, age, general health. The main goal is to maintain a constant level of sugar in the blood. In addition to injections and drug treatment, dietotherapy plays a key role in this.
How to feed a dog with diabetes?
Proper feeding is an essential part of maintaining a dog’s health. An inappropriate, unbalanced diet or a violation of feeding recommendations will definitely lead to complications. While the dog’s proper diet for diabetes, by contrast, will minimize symptoms and maintain the dog’s quality of life.
The action of special diets (for example, the popular diabetes diet – Monge VetSolution Diabetic) is aimed at constantly monitoring the level of sugar in the body, preventing obesity and metabolic disorders. How do these feeds work?
Diets include two types of carbohydrates. Some quickly saturate and are easily digested, others are processed slowly, thereby maintaining a constant sugar level. Thus, from one meal to the next (according to the recommendations), the sugar level in the body does not skip, but keeps steady, which is very important for animals with diabetes.
As additional benefits of the diet, the presence of superoxide dismutase, which prevents oxidative stress, and xylo-oligosaccharides, which regulate the intestinal microflora and increase immunity, can be noted. Such qualities are important for treating not only diabetes, but also any disease.
If your dog has been diagnosed with diabetes, it is very important to correctly assess the situation. Yes, this is a serious, complex and dangerous disease, but with strict adherence to the doctor’s recommendations and regular monitoring of the state of health, the manifestations of this ailment are almost completely eliminated. Believe me, a dog with diabetes has no less chance of being happy than a healthy one. Especially if there is a loving and caring host nearby!
Good health to your pets!