Cardiovascular disease in dogs (heart failure, CVD) is a serious problem that leaves its mark on quality and life expectancy. What symptoms indicate an ailment, what causes the occurrence, what is the basis for treatment and prevention?
Conventionally, cardiovascular diseases are divided into three groups:
Congenital pathologies are extremely rare, hereditary ones are already more common, and, finally, acquired ones make up the widest group.
How does heart failure appear in dogs? Continue reading